Maryland Labor Laws

Maryland Labor Laws (2024 Guide For Employers)

It’s essential for employers and employees working in the state of Maryland to have a solid understanding of Maryland labor laws.

  • Are you familiar with Maryland’s employment law and how it intersects with federal regulations?
  • Unsure about the restrictions on consecutive hours of work and the rights of employees regarding breaks?
  • Do you understand the process of obtaining a work permit in Maryland and the legal requirements involved?

Understanding Maryland’s employment law landscape involves navigating a myriad of topics, from civil rights and collective bargaining to healthcare regulations and the Healthy Retail Employee Act. With our expertise in state and federal employment regulations, we provide comprehensive guidance to help you stay compliant and protect your rights in the workplace.

This article is for:

  • Employers in Maryland seeking clarity on their legal obligations regarding issues like genetic information, hours of work, and collective bargaining rights.
  • Job seekers needing information on their rights during the hiring process, including work permits and employment law protections.
  • Individuals affected by work-related issues such as discrimination based on marital status or the need for unemployment insurance.

It’s essential to have trusted resources to turn to for guidance. Whether you’re an employer striving to create a fair and inclusive workplace or an employee advocating for your rights, our comprehensive coverage of Maryland labor laws, including insights from the Maryland Division of Labor and MOSH, will empower you to navigate with confidence.

Let us help you understand the complexities of employment law in the state of Maryland, ensuring you’re well-equipped to handle any situation that arises.

Disclaimer: Despite our best efforts to provide you with accurate information on this topic at the time of writing, we cannot guarantee the accuracy of the content at the time of reading. This blog post is for informational purposes only and should not be considered legal advice. Consult an attorney for specific guidance on Maryland labor laws.

Maryland Wage Laws

Maryland Minimum Wage

The state sets a minimum wage that currently stands at $15.00 per hour.

Localities like Montgomery County might have higher minimum wage requirements depending on the employer’s size.

It’s essential to stay updated on any changes to the minimum wage rate.

Tipped Employees

Employers may apply a tip credit if their employees receive tips regularly. However, the combined total of tips and the hourly rate must equal or exceed the Maryland minimum wage.


Some job categories, like certain agricultural workers or specific commissioned employees, might be exempt from minimum wage laws.

Detailed information on these exemptions can be found through the Maryland Department of Labor.

Equal Pay for Equal Work

Maryland law, in alignment with federal law, prohibits wage discrimination based on factors like gender identity, sexual orientation, race, religion, age, disability, or national origin.

Employers must provide equal pay for substantially similar work.

Maryland Payment Laws

Pay Frequency

Maryland employers are required to pay their employees at least twice per month (semi-monthly).

Final Pay

When employment ends, whether through termination or resignation, employers are obligated to issue all final wages due on or before the regular payday for the pay period during which the employment ended.


Employers can make deductions from an employee’s paycheck only under specific circumstances.

These generally include deductions for taxes, court-ordered payments, or deductions authorized in writing by the employee.

Maryland Overtime Laws

Overtime Rate

Non-exempt employees in Maryland are entitled to overtime compensation at a rate of one and a half times their regular hourly pay for any hours they work exceeding 40 hours within a single workweek.


Certain classifications of workers, such as executive, administrative, and professional employees, might fall under exemptions from overtime laws.

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and the Maryland Department of Labor offer comprehensive guidelines on overtime exemptions.

Maryland Break Laws

Meal Breaks

Currently, Maryland does not have a state law that mandates employers to provide meal breaks.

Nonetheless, employers are expected to allow reasonable short breaks for essential necessities such as using the restroom or breastfeeding. Specific company policies should clarify expectations around meal breaks.

Rest Breaks

Similar to meal breaks, rest breaks are not guaranteed by Maryland law.

However, to promote employee well-being and productivity, it’s good practice for employers to permit brief breaks throughout the workday.

Maryland Leave Requirements

Sick and Safe Leave

The Maryland Healthy Working Families Act ensures that employees earn one hour of sick and safe leave for every 30 hours worked.

This leave can be used for an employee’s own illness, caring for a family member, or addressing situations related to domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking.

Employers with 15 or more employees must provide paid sick and safe leave, while smaller employers must offer unpaid leave.

Parental Leave

While there’s no state-specific parental leave law, the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) may provide eligible employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave. This applies to circumstances like the birth or adoption of a child or caring for a seriously ill immediate family member.

Flexible Leave

Maryland law requires employers to let employees utilize their earned sick and safe leave to attend to the health needs of an immediate family member.

Other Leave

Maryland might offer additional leave entitlements for reasons such as jury duty, military service, voting, or attending a child’s school-related activities.

Vacation Leave

Although not mandated by state law, many Maryland employers offer vacation time as a benefit. Company policies should detail any vacation accrual, usage guidelines, and payout rules upon separation of employment.

Closing Thoughts

Understanding and adhering to Maryland’s comprehensive labor laws is essential for maintaining fair and equitable employment standards. Employers should familiarize themselves with regulations regarding child labor, sick leave, workers’ compensation, and protections against wage discrimination.

Job applicants need to be aware of their rights throughout the hiring process and must understand that, in the event of work-related injury or illness, they may be entitled to benefits under Maryland occupational safety and health (MOSH) guidelines aligned with federal OSHA standards.

If you believe your rights have been violated, such as in cases of unpaid wages, it’s important to consult the Maryland Department of Labor or seek legal advice.

It’s important to remember that this article offers a general overview, and it’s always recommended to refer to official sources or consult an attorney for specific legal guidance as outlined in our disclaimer.

Staying informed about Maryland’s labor laws, including provisions under the Healthy Working Families Act, empowers both employees and employers to foster productive and safe workplaces across the state.

Disclaimer: Not Legal Advice

This blog post provides a general overview of Maryland labor laws but does not constitute legal advice. Laws and regulations are subject to change, and there may be additional requirements or exemptions that apply to specific situations. Employers and employees should consult a qualified labor law attorney for advice on their specific circumstances.

If you have any questions about your rights or obligations as an employer or employee in Maryland, it is essential to consult with a labor law attorney to receive accurate information and guidance tailored to your situation. By seeking professional legal advice, you can ensure that you are taking the appropriate steps to comply with labor laws and protect your rights.

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