Florida Labor Laws

Florida Labor Laws (2024 Guide For Employers)

Florida labor laws are designed to ensure employees get paid what they are legally owed and are protected from illegal actions.

  • Are you aware of the legal rights of employees in the state of Florida?
  • Do you understand how federal and state minimum wage laws affect their income?
  • Are you familiar with the protections provided to employees regarding national origin, marital status, and reemployment?

With a keen understanding of federal minimum wage requirements, state-specific regulations, and employee rights, we are well-equipped to guide you through the complexities of employment law.

This article is tailored to Florida employers seeking clarity on employment law, along with the legal rights and protections of Florida workers.

It addresses the concerns of managing full-time employees, tipped employees, and private employers in Florida.

Disclaimer: Despite our best efforts to provide you with accurate information on this topic at the time of writing, we cannot guarantee the accuracy of the content at the time of reading. This blog post is for informational purposes only and should not be considered legal advice. Consult an attorney for specific guidance on Florida labor laws.

Florida Wage Laws

Minimum Wage

As of January 1, 2024, Florida’s minimum wage is $12 per hour.

Wage Rate

Florida adheres to an “at-will” employment doctrine, meaning employers can adjust wage rates with notice, within the confines of employment contracts or collective bargaining agreements.

Equal Pay

Florida law prohibits discrimination based on gender, race, age, or other protected characteristics, ensuring equal pay for equal work.

If you have specific concerns, you should contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) for concerns.

Florida Payment Laws

Deductions

Employers can only make authorized deductions from wages, such as taxes, garnishments, or contributions to health insurance plans chosen by the employee.

Recordkeeping

Florida employers must maintain accurate payroll records for at least three years, including wage rates, hours worked, and deductions made.

Florida Overtime Laws

Federal FLSA

As Florida doesn’t have its own overtime laws, the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) applies.

Non-exempt employees working over 40 hours in a workweek are entitled to overtime pay at 1.5 times their regular rate.

Exemptions

Certain professions, like executives or agricultural workers, may be exempt from overtime under specific FLSA guidelines.

Meal Break

While Florida mandates no specific meal break requirements, federal law requires employers to provide unpaid meal breaks of at least 30 minutes for employees working over 6 consecutive hours.

Florida Leave Requirements

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

This federal law grants eligible employees unpaid leave for serious medical conditions, family emergencies, or newborn/adopted child care. Florida employers with 50 or more employees must comply.

Sick Leave

No state-mandated sick leave exists in Florida.

However, employers can offer paid or unpaid sick leave through policies or collective bargaining agreements.

Child Labor Laws in Florida

Minimum Age

Children under 14 cannot be employed, with limited exceptions. 14-17-year-olds have restricted work hours and occupations to prioritize education and safety.

Work Permits

14-17-year-olds require work permits specifying work limitations and school compliance. You should consult Florida Statutes for details.

Hazardous Work

Minors are prohibited from engaging in hazardous occupations as defined by the U.S. Department of Labor.

Florida Hiring Laws

Law Posters

Florida employers must display mandatory federal and state labor law posters in a conspicuous workplace location.

Florida Termination Laws

At-Will Employment

Without an employment contract, Florida employers can terminate employees with or without cause, except for illegal reasons like discrimination.

Severance Pay

No state law mandates severance pay, but employers can offer it through company policies or contracts.

Occupational Safety in Florida

Workplace Safety

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) sets and enforces workplace safety standards, aiming to prevent injuries and illnesses. Florida employers must comply with these federal regulations.

Workers’ Compensation

Florida employers must provide workers’ compensation insurance to cover medical expenses and lost wages for work-related injuries or illnesses.

Disclaimer: Not Legal Advice

This blog post provides a general overview of Florida labor laws but does not constitute legal advice. Laws and regulations are subject to change, and there may be additional requirements or exemptions that apply to specific situations. Employers and employees should consult a qualified labor law attorney for advice on their specific circumstances.

If you have any questions about your rights or obligations as an employer or employee in Florida, it is essential to consult with a labor law attorney to receive accurate information and guidance tailored to your situation. By seeking professional legal advice, you can ensure that you are taking the appropriate steps to comply with labor laws and protect your rights.

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